Gastritis is a term used to describe inflammation and injury to the cells lining the stomach and can have many causes. Gastritis can result from bacteria in the stomach called helicobacter pylori or h.pylori. It’s a common stomach bacteria leading to a stomach infection called h.pylori gastritis, which can cause stomach ulcers. Autoimmune conditions can also cause inflammation of the stomach. When we find h. pylori bacteria as the cause of gastritis during endoscopy, or via breath or stool test, h. pylori treatment is prescribed, which is in the form of antibiotics.
Damage to the intestinal lining can also occur from drugs, particularly nonsteroidal inflammatory agents, alcohol, and other substances. Your doctor can perform an upper endoscopy for complete visualization of the stomach and take biopsies simultaneously to establish a diagnosis. Gastritis should always be evaluated with a thorough consultation and examination by a physician for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan to exclude any underlying serious illness or condition.
★ ★ ★ ★ ★The entire staff was welcoming and made the visit quick and seamless. The office is clean, and the staff even make a point in offering coffee or water while you wait. The doctor was very friendly and to the point. Highly recommend choosing this office.
Gastritis pain tends to occur in the upper portion of the abdomen and can radiate to the back at times, although it can present in many different ways. When asked to describe the sensation of gastritis, patients use terms such as burning, aching, gnawing, or sore. Usually, a vague sense of discomfort is present, but the pain may be sharp, stabbing, or cutting.
Though gastritis does not always present with symptoms, symptoms can include:
- Indigestion specifically in your upper abdomen that may become either worse or better with eating
- A pronounced feeling of fullness after eating
- Frequent belching
Risk factors for developing include:
- Extreme alcohol consumption
- Routine use of nonsteroidal anti‐inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen and aspirin
- Stress caused by severe injury, illness, or surgery
- Autoimmune disorders
- Digestive disorders like Crohn’s disease
- Viral infections
How is gastritis treated?
When the specialist performs an upper endoscopy, they fully visualize the stomach and take biopsies. Gastritis can be visualized grossly at times, and we can also see it under a microscope. After the specialist establishes a diagnosis, gastritis is treated based on its underlying cause. Common treatments include avoidance of causes such as NSAIDs and treatment of h. pylori bacteria.
Gastritis is typically treated with prescription medications to reduce the amount of acid in the stomach, which allows for healing. There are other treatment options available based on the diagnosis, and your gastroenterologist will be able to customize your treatment based on this information.
Doctor’s Note: The only intent of this information is to provide general information about gastritis, not definitive medical advice. Please consult our NYC gastritis specialists about your specific condition for a conclusive diagnosis. Only trained, experienced gastroenterologists can determine an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.
As best-in-class NYC gastroenterologists, our doctors provide highly personalized and comprehensive care. For more information about gastritis or to schedule a consultation, please contact our NYC gastroenterology offices.Manhattan Gastroenterology Locations: Manhattan Gastroenterology (Upper East Side) 983 Park Ave Ste 1D, NY 10028
(212) 427-8761 Manhattan Gastroenterology (Midtown) 51 East 25th Street Ste 407, NY 10010
(212) 533-2400 Manhattan Gastroenterology (Union Square) 55 W 17th St Ste 102, NY 10011