Anogenital warts are very common and in most cases can be treated in the office
Anal Warts, also called condyloma acuminata, are one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases they affect both men and women. Anal warts are growths that can occur in the skin around the genitals and anus. Some may even be inside the anal canal and these types of warts are observed predominantly in persons who have had receptive anal intercourse, although these can also occur in men and women who do not have a history of anal sexual contact. Anal Warts should always be evaluated with a thorough consultation and examination by a physician for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan as it may be a symptom or sign of a serious illness or condition. Studies have found that people affected with certain types of anogenital warts are at an increased risk for developing anal cancer. The risk of cancer development increases further in those who are immunosuppressed or have an infection with HIV. At Manhattan Gasroenterology, our doctors are board certified, gastroenterologists and anal warts removal specialist doctors in NYC.
What causes anal warts?
These are caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV) infection, which have many different subtypes, some of which have been associated with the development of cancer. The subtypes that lead to development of anogenital warts do not usually cause cancers, however, this increases the chance of being infected with the other subtypes that do cause anal and cervical cancers. As mentioned previously, anogenital warts are the most common sexually transmitted disease and you do not need to have anal intercourse to develop anal warts as any surrounding skin can be affected.
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What are the symptoms of anal warts?
Affected individuals usually do not have symptoms and because of this, they may be unaware that they have anogenital warts and risk transmitting the disease to others. Those who have symptoms may experience itching, bleeding, mucus discharge and/or a feeling of a lump or mass in the anal area.
What is the treatment for anal warts?
The NYC anal warts removal doctors offers various modalities for the treatment of anogenital warts, and in most cases these lesions can be treated in the office. Factors that influence selection of treatment include wart size, wart number, anatomic site of the wart, wart morphology, patient preference, , convenience and possible adverse effects.
Different treatment modalities offered by the NYC anal warts specialist includes:
- Topical treatment
– These are medications that are applied topically either by the patient or the provider
– This treatment modality involves destruction of the affected tissues by freezing
- Laser therapy
– A more involved treatment using laser that requires the procedure to be performed in the operating room.
– Treatment using narrow beam of infrared light to the affected area to coagulate the affected tissue.
- Surgical excision
As most individuals affected do not have symptoms, transmission of this disease is very common.
HPV affects the anus in the same way it affects the cervix as these consist of the same cell types. Anyone with anal warts or those who have receptive anal sex should be tested with an anal pap smear. This involves inserting a small swab into the anus and taking samples of the cells by gently brushing the swab in the anal canal. The sample is sent to a laboratory to check for the virus subtypes that causes warts, as well as checking for any changes in the cells that make up the lining of the anus. If abnormal cells are present, a high resolution anoscopy (HRA) is warranted.
How can you prevent HPV infection?
As most individuals affected do not have symptoms, transmission of this disease is very common. The best way to prevent HPV infection is through:
- Avoiding having multiple sexual partners
- Keep in mind that using condoms do not protect from HPV infection 100% as there may still be affected area that may come into contact that is not covered by the condoms
- Get vaccinated: Gardisil is a vaccine that is directed against the HPV types associated with anal and cervical cancers.
As best-in-class, top rated NYC gastroenterologists, our doctors provide highly personalized and comprehensive care. For more information about anal warts removal offered at Manhattan Gastroenterology or to schedule a consultation with an anal warts specialist doctor, please contact our offices.
Important Reminder: This information is only intended to provide guidance, not definitive medical advice. Please consult a doctor about your specific condition. Only trained, experienced doctors like our doctors can determine an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.
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